“Education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual” – Dr. M. Montessori
This scientific observation provided the foundation for an extensive and coherent educational approach developed at the end of the 19th century by an Italian physician Maria Montessori. The approach focuses on supporting the Child in self-directed exploration of the environment, and promoting holistic physical, spiritual, cultural and social development. The Montessori curriculum includes learning practical life skills, sensorial activities (learning through the senses), music and languages, mathematics and culture.
“Help me do it by myself” – in line with this motto, the Montessori teacher’s role is to provide Children with a learning environment in which they can get hands-on experience and knowledge through working with materials scaled to their interests and abilities. Children work individually or in groups using teaching aids they have chosen themselves. They decide themselves how, where and when they want to work. The principles of independence and freedom to act help children develop self-confidence and learn how to make decisions and be responsible for what they do. Working with specialized educational materials and acquiring new skills promotes children’s independence, builds their self-esteem and self-reliance.